Nephrology Hospitals in Hyderabad

Treating Kidney Cancer – Renal cell carcinoma

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Renal Cell Carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer among adults. It is actually responsible for 3% of adult malignancies and 95% of neoplasms. It is a form of cancer in which the malignant cells are found in the lining of the kidney tubules. These tubules on both the kidneys are responsible for filtering out the blood, taking waste products out and producing the urine that we need to expel from our body. The urine cleared by these tubules are then taken from the kidney to the bladders through the ureter. The bladder then stores the urine till it can be passed from the body.

Some of the most important risks factors of renal cell carcinoma include smoking, genetic conditions such as papillary renal cell carcinoma, or von Hippel- Lindau disease, or misuse of certain pain or over- the- top medication over a long period of time. Renal cell cancer can cause the following symptoms as well:

- Blood in the urine

- Loss of appetite

- A lump in the abdomen

- A chronic pain in the side


- Heavy weight loss.

In order to determine the presence of renal cell carcinoma, the following tests could be performed- general physical test, ultrasound exam, urine analyis, blood chemistry test, liver function exam, biopsy, CT scan, MRI, etc. Since renal cell carcinoma is cancerous, there is a chance that it might spread to the other parts of the body through lymph systems, tissue, blood, etc. This is potentially really dangerous. In the very first stage of this cancer, the tumor might be around 7 centimeters. By the time the cancer reaches stage IV, it would have spread to the other parts of the body as well. There are many different types of treatments for renal cell carcinoma. It includes surgery, biologic therapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Immunotherapy is also becoming quite accepted as a treatment for renal cell carcinoma.

Kidney dialysis

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Dialysis is an artificial process through which waste and unwanted water can be eliminated from the blood. It’s actually the kidney’s job to do this, but there are people who suffer from kidney related issues. Damaged kidneys would not be able to do this task and there are circumstances when a person’s kidney has to be removed. A dialysis machine is then used as a replacement for the task the kidney does naturally, so that the waste products can be eliminated from the patient’s body.

Dialysis, simply put, is an artificial replacement for the kidney- it’s just that it does not go into your body. The lost kidney function is taken over by the dialysis machine in a process called the renal replacement therapy. Dialysis is usually the best, sometimes the only, option for patients that are really ill or have failed kidneys. Even a fairy stable and healthy person may suffer from kidney damage that might render their kidney incapable of doing the job it’s there for. For such patients, this treatment is the only way to survive.

When the kidney is healthy, it regulates the amount of water and mineral in our blood. It removes the waste products and the excess water from our blood and removes them from the body through the process of excretion.

There are some tasks performed by the kidney that cannot be replaced by the dialysis machine. The kidney produces those enzymes as a part of the endocrine system, and the dialysis machine cannot replace the endocrine tasks of the kidney. It just replaces the kidney functions of excretion, waste removal and fluid removal.

 It’s highly essential for a person to use dialysis if their kidney has failed because the functions of the kidney are that irreplaceable. The kidney filters around 1500 liters of blood every single day- that’s a lot of waste that is filtered out. Humans will not be able to live with so much waste in their body. If the waste is not removed, it would reach toxic levels which can cause coma and death, eventually.

There are two main types of dialysis. The first is hemodialysis, where the blood circulates outside the body through a machine with special filters. Here, the blood will come out of the person through a catheter, the filters do their job and the filtered blood is returned to the patient via another catheter. Peritoneal dialysis is a process through which a sterile dialysate solution that is full of glucose and minerals is sent to the peritoneal cavity through a tube. This sterile solution is left there for some time so that it can absorb the waste products in the blood. It’s then drained out of the body through a tube. This process will happen several times in a day. The type of treatment people should opt for depends on their personal health and their kidney issues.

Kidney Stones in Men finds a link to Vitamin C

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The recent studies by scientist and many health experts have shown that those men who consume higher doses of Vitamin C stand high risk of contracting kidney stones as compared to those who do not consume vitamin C supplements. Many clinical studies have proven that there are tiny mass crystals which are formed in the kidney of those who do not have enough Vitamin C in their human body, and they very painfully clog the urinary tract of the person. There are many findings which have also proved that an excess consumption of vitamin C could be dangerous to the body. Health experts suggest that the public should be aware about these risks which are associated with the consumption of higher doses of Vitamin C. It is always suggested by experts that those who already have kidney stones should always consult their family doctor before taking Vitamin C supplements.

The reason why people are prone to kidney stones when they have an overdose of Vitamin C is because the vitamins are broken down by body into a substance known as oxelate which accumulates and forms the stones in the kidney. A study was conducted in February in the year 2013 wherein the experts checked men who were between the age of 45 and 79 years. They did not have any regular complaints of kidney stones but there were some who were consuming moderate to high dosages of Vitamin C on a regular basis and more than three percent developed the problems of kidney stones.
Health experts specifically mention that as of now they have been unable to identify the exact details as to how the Vitamin C can be supplemented in such a manner that the people do not develop the risk of kidney stones. There is a need to understand the actual dosage required by a person so that he is not at risk of contracting kidney stones.